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optimal rate of monetary growth in a dynamic macro model with a labour market distortion

Sean Christopher Chater

optimal rate of monetary growth in a dynamic macro model with a labour market distortion

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Published by typescript in [s.l.] .
Written in English

Edition Notes

Dissertation (M.Sc.) - University of Warwick, 1995.

Statementby Sean Christopher Chater.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19084744M

1 As described in documentation from the Bank for International Settlements (), many central banks have adopted the Nelson-Siegel yield curve (or some slight variant) for fitting bond yields. 2 Our Nelson-Siegel yield curve (1) corresponds to equation (2) of Nelson Siegel (). Their notation differs from ours in a potentially confusing way: they use m for maturity and for theFile Size: KB. Macroeconomic Theory A Dynamic General Equilibrium Approach Michael Wickens The Theory of Optimal Growth 45 Theory 45 Additional Remarks on Optimal Growth 49 The Monetary Model of the Exchange Rate Theory Monetary Policy A TWO-SECTOR MACROECONOMIC MODEL AND THE RELATIVE POTENCY OF MONETARY AND FISCAL POLICY by Rusdu Saracog1u Since Tobin's well known "Dynamic Aggregative Model" [5 ] the whereas the nominal rate of return on bonds, r, is market determined given the value of bonds. Government can also change its liability. Macro and Monetary Economics Theory and Policy. Economics»; Program»; Fields of Study»; Macro and Monetary Economics Theory and Policy; The field is designed to give the student a knowledge of modern macroeconomics and monetary theory and policy, with an emphasis on problems of stabilization policy in a stochastic world with both closed and open economies.

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optimal rate of monetary growth in a dynamic macro model with a labour market distortion by Sean Christopher Chater Download PDF EPUB FB2

Optimal Monetary Growth Andrew B. Abel. NBER Working Paper No. (Also Reprint No. r) Issued in NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth In the absence of monetary superneutrality, inflation affects capital accumulation and the demand for real balances.

Consistent with the results presented above, the optimal policy package has a constant stock of nominal fiat money (g, = = 1) and a zero nominal interest rate. A.B. Abel, Optimal monetary growth not capture the quid pro quo nature of an open market purchase or of monetization of a deficit, the interpretation of monetary policy is somewhat Cited by: NBER Working Paper # January Monetary Growth, Inflation, and Economic Activity in a Dynamic Macro Model ABSTRACT This paper analyzes the effccts of an increase in the monetary growth rate within a dynamic optimizing macroeconomic model.

40 The Labor Market in the Great Recession Figure 5. Age-Adjusted Unemployment Rate Figure 6. Unemployment Inflow and Outflow Rates 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Percent of Labor Force Published Unemployment Rate Age Adjusted Unemployment Rate Source: Bureau of Labor Size: KB.

In this simple framework, economic growth occurs by increasing either the capital stock (through new investment in factories, machinery, equipment, roads, and other infrastructure), the size of the labour force, or both.

The remaining four equations of the model describe how K and L increase over time. The Saving Equation. () argued that good monetary policy is one that equates the private opportunity cost of holding money (the nominal interest rate) to its social opportunity cost (which is zero).

By this logic, optimal monetary policy should never be expansionary. Critics were quick to. Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy with Sticky Wages and Sticky PricesBargaining, Fairness, and Price “Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Pol- 47 rChugh, Sanjay K.

Habits monetary policy does not arise in the model. As a result, the optimal policy problem can be written as a dynamic programming problem.' In particular, given the fiscal policy eliminating the distortion in goods market, the relative price distortion becomes the only distortion with which monetary policy is concerned.

The opti. Labor Market: The labor market refers to the supply and demand for labor, in which employees provide the supply and employers the demand. In this paper, we study Ramsey-optimal fiscal and monetary policy in a medium-scale model of the U.S.

business cycle. The model features a rich array of real and nominal rigidities that have been identified in the recent empirical literature as salient in explaining observed aggregate fluctuations. The main result of the paper is that price stability appears to be a central goal of optimal Cited by: The optimal monetary policy can also be expressed as an optimal rule for the rate of growth of the money supply.

This requires the use of the money demand function (27).Author: George Alogoskoufis. A key finding of the paper is that price stability appears to be a central goal of optimal monetary policy.

The optimal rate of inflation under an income tax regime is percent per year with a volatility of percent.

In this sense, price stickiness emerges as the single most important distortion. Our model produces a "nowcast" of GDP growth, incorporating a wide range of macroeconomic data as it becomes available. The New York Fed has been working with tri-party repo market participants to make changes to improve the resiliency of the market to financial stress.

Joseph Haslag, and Antoine Martin, "Optimal Monetary Policy and. Dynamic Macroeconomics is an attempt to revitalize the traditions of nonmarket clearing approaches to macroeconomics. Using sophisticated tools from dynamic analysis, the authors introduce a consistent, integrated framework for disequilibrium macroeconomic dynamics and explore its relationship to the competing—and currently dominant—equilibrium dynamics.

Optimal Monetary Policy with Relative Price Distortions by Tack Yun. Published in vol issue 1, pages of American Economic Review, MarchAbstract: This paper analyzes optimal monetary policy in a sticky price model with Calvo-type staggered price-setting.

In. Firstly, while the interdependence between monetary and real aspects will continue to characterize the analysis, it assumes new aspects.

In fact, it depends not only on nominal rigidities in wage and price formation but also on the presence of debt and cash flows in the investment function, as stressed by Minsky ().Author: Piero Ferri. OPTIMAL CHOICE OF MONETARY POLICY MACRO MODEL * WILLIAM POOLE I. Introduction, II. The instrument problem, III.

A static stochastic model, IV. The combination policy, V. A dynamic authorities should simply achieve a constant rate of growth of the money stock; in another variant the authorities should adjust the.

An optimal program of distortionary taxes, money growth, and borrowing to finance a stream of expenditures is computed in a monetary real business cycle model for which distribution issues between the rich and poor play a fundamental role in policy by: 2.

New Keynesian models and the labour market Sticky prices give you a distortion that monetary policy can attempt to negate by stabilising the business cycle.

The position you are trying to stabilise towards is the outcome of an RBC model (natural levels), but in many cases that involves the same sort of stabilisation that would be familiar Author: Mainly Macro. Downloadable. This paper characterizes Ramsey-optimal monetary policy in a medium-scale macroeconomic model that has been estimated to fit well postwar U.S.

business cycles. We find that mild deflation is Ramsey optimal in the long run. However, the optimal inflation rate appears to be highly sensitive to the assumed degree of price stickiness. Level Effects versus Growth Effects Savings rate does not affect long–run growth rate of per capita income, but affects the long–run level of income.

The steady state (k(t +1) = k(t) = k) and manipulating eqn to yield k y = s n+d Increase d this lowers the RHS. But this means that the capital–output ratio on the LHS must decline this File Size: KB. An alternative approach, also illustrated in fig is to compute an “optimal control” path for the federal funds rate using an economic model–FRB/US, in this case.

This basically says that Yellen may want to keep the interest rate longer (see the green line) than standard economic theory (in particular the Taylor rule, the red line. Optimal Monetary Policy and Productivity Growth ∗ Andrea Tambalotti† Princeton University Febru Abstract This paper studies the optimal monetary policy response to persistent changes in the growth rate of productivity.

To this end, we formulate a sticky price model in which agents are uncertainFile Size: KB. optimal monetary policy.1 This paper extends the literature on monetary policy in an open econ-omy by introducing portfolio choice into the analysis of an open economy macro model.

Making use of results developed in Devereux and Suther-land (), we illustrate how. Macroeconomic Theory is the most up-to-date graduate-level macroeconomics textbook available today. This revised second edition emphasizes the general equilibrium character of macroeconomics to explain effects across the whole economy while taking into account recent research in the field.

It is the perfect resource for students and researchers seeking coverage of the most current developments.

• See Acemoglu, chapter 8 “The Neoclassical Growth Model” section 5 “Transitional Dynamics” • if c(0) below saddle path, k(t) → k max and (t) → 0 • if c(0) above saddle path, k(t) → 0 in finite time while c(t) > 0.

Violates feasibility. • local analysis/linearization gives same answer. Next Size: 68KB. Optimal Inflation Stabilization in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model the optimal rate of inflation ranges from percent per year (close to the Friedman optimal monetary policy and its implementationusing a medium-scale, empiricallyplausible model of the U.S.

business cycle. ESSAYS ON PUBLIC FINANCE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH USING DYNAMIC GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODELS Emmanuel Ziramba, Ph.D. University of Pretoria, ABSTRACT This thesis comprises of six independent chapters, besides the introduction and conclu-sions, with the common theme of optimal public policies in dynamic general equilibrium.

This paper investigates optimal discretionary monetary policy under the zero lower bound on the nominal interest rate (ZLB) in the case of a distorted steady state due to monopoly and taxation.

Solving a fully nonlinear micro-founded (FNL) model using a global method, I find that the central bank in a more distorted economy would cut the Cited by: Optimal control theory is a technique being used increasingly by academic economists to study problems involving optimal decisions in a multi-period framework.

This textbook is designed to make the difficult subject of optimal control theory easily accessible to economists while at Cited by:   Figure 3 explores how alternative characterizations of the dynamics of the economy--specifically, alternative versions of the FRB/US model--can affect OC policy prescriptions.

Sincethe FRB/US model has undergone several changes. The most notable of these is a re-specification of the model's wage-price block, which has decreased both the persistence and magnitude of the response. Macroeconomic Theory is the most up-to-date graduate-level macroeconomics textbook available today.

This revised second edition emphasizes the general equilibrium character of macroeconomics to explain effects across the whole economy while taking into account recent research in the by: 9.

The exposed system dynamic macroeconomic model should primarily serve as a way to predict effects of monetary and fiscal policies, without getting into the problems of structural policy. Among very few papers from this field there is one focused on monetary policy based on the Polak’s monetary model [2].

DYNAMIC MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have begun 9 Labour market search and monetary shocks Carl E. Walsh 10 On the introduction of endogenous labour economic growth, European Monetary Union and Irish economic performance.

sides of a market, expanding the dynamic view of entry and exit of, respectively, jobs, lending relationships and goods. of frictions in each market, our model will let each frictions play a role and the of persistence in the growth rates of labor market variables in this class of models.

first time. Consider the following centrally-planned model with labor yt = ct+it ∆kt+1 = it−δkt y t= A[αk 1− 1 γ+(1−α)n 1−] 1 1−1 γ where the objective is to maximize Vt= X∞ s=0 βs[lnc t+s+ϕlnlt+s],β= 1 1+θ where yt is output, ct is consumption, it is investment, kt is the capital stock, nt is employment and lt is leisure (lt+nt=1).

(a) Derive expressions from which the long File Size: KB. A macroeconomic model is an analytical tool designed to describe the operation of the problems of economy of a country or a region. These models are usually designed to examine the comparative statics and dynamics of aggregate quantities such as the total amount of goods and services produced, total income earned, the level of employment of productive resources, and the level of prices.

Macroeconomic Theory: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Approach - Second Edition - Kindle edition by Wickens, Michael. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Macroeconomic Theory: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Approach - Second Edition/5(13). applying microeconomic concepts to model the macro-economy, deep research long ago established that this is a fallacy.

The Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu conditions alone establish that even the microeconomics of demand in a single market cannot be derived by extrapolation. We present a monetary endogenous growth model and analyse the effects of fiscal and monetary policy with real money as an argument in the utility function.

We show that a balanced government budget gives a higher balanced growth rate and lower inflation than a situation with permanent public deficits. It also leads to higher welfare compared to a situation with permanent Cited by: 3. While many countries throughout the world have faced severe financial crises over the last decades, and while the Japanese stagnation and the Asian financial crisis did induce some additional interest for the introduction of banking and finance in macroeconomic theory, it is only with the advent of the US subprime financial crisis that macroeconomic and monetary theories put forward by.In relation to this, the first model is estimated without exchange rate, while in the second model, exchange rate is included as an explanatory variable.

This study also adds to previous literature on matters concerning interest rates of our countrys treasury bills ' and their influence in the price movements of the stock Size: KB.Macro: A Small Linear Dynamic Macroeconomic Model of the U.S. Economy in Which Both Monetary and Fiscal Policy Variables Are Used Reference Neculai Andrei, Nonlinear Optimization Applications Using the GAMS Technology,Springer Optimization and Its Applications, Model Macro () in chapter Economic Development,